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Energy-Water Policy Database

A database of U.S. state-level water policies and programs affecting energy systems BETA

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Policy (OP)

This draft database is a “beta” version and a work-in-progress. To submit comments, feedback, or ideas related to the draft database, please send an email to [email protected].


This draft database provides an extensive source of key information about state-level water policies and programs that are relevant to energy systems in the United States. The goals of the database are to facilitate improved policy analysis, modeling, visualization, and communication by states, industry, utilities, academia, federal agencies, and other stakeholders. There are more than 1,900 policy entries in the draft database, including:

  • State and national pollutant discharge elimination system (PDES and NPDES) permitting programs affecting electricity generation and oil and gas production facilities
  • Underground injection control permitting for the oil and gas sector
  • Policies affecting surface water rights and groundwater rights
  • Water quality standards affecting energy systems
  • Oil and gas development and hydraulic fracturing water regulations
  • River and/or dam operations affecting hydropower and/or thermoelectric cooling
  • Water regulations impacting electric generation

Each policy entry includes searchable fields such as jurisdiction, dates enacted, energy subsector affected, water body affected, relevant statute, contact information of implementing authority, and a concise summary of the policy. The full draft database is also downloadable in spreadsheet format.

Explore the draft database by using the filters below or clicking on a state to the right

Name State Jurisdiction Type of Policy or Program Water Rights Doctrine Applicable Waterbody Types Measured Area Attribute Unit Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec